by Stephen Whitney

First Passover
Stephen Whitney
Exodus 12:1-13

In a letter to his wife Abigail, John Adams told her of the actions of the Continental Congress on July 2, 1776 (the actual day the Declaration of Independence was signed). “This second day of July, 1776 will be the most memorable epoch in the history of America. I am apt to believe that it will be celebrated by succeeding generations as the great anniversary Festival. It ought to be commemorated, as the Day of Deliverance, by solemn acts of devotion to God Almighty. It ought to be solemnized . . . from this time forward forever.”

While we celebrate July 4th as our independence day the nation of Israel celebrates their independence from Egypt with the Passover, which is held each year on our calendar in late March or April because of the difference between the Jewish calendar and ours.

Background The family of Jacob had moved to Egypt 430 years ago because of the severe famine when Joseph was prime minister. Over time the 70 persons grew to become a large nation of over two million. A new Pharaoh came to power and to control the Hebrews he made them slaves. God determined he would deliver his people from slavery and they would return to the Promised Land.

The Passover was instituted so the people would understand that their freedom from slavery came at the price of an innocent lamb who died as a substitute so they did not die. Instead they were given freedom to live and worship God who delivered them.

The theological term is substitutionary atonement, where someone took your punishment so you would not have to experience it. II Cor. 5:21 God made Christ who knew no sin to be sin for us.

I Peter 2:24 Christ himself bore our sins in his body on the tree. John Calvin wrote, “Christ took on himself the curse due to our sins, that he might atone for them before God.” To atone means to reconcile what was separated.

SACRIFICAL LAMB :3-7 Chosen :3-4 Tenth day - would be a reminder of the tenth plag ...

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