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Where Is God When Suffer? (25 of 54)
Through the Bible Survey
October 28, 1990
Understanding the Book of Job
INTRODUCTION: We have finished studying the historical books of the Old Testament, Joshua through Esther. Now we open the books of poetry: Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, and Song of Solomon. These books tell of the experiences of the heart.
THEME: Job's key word is "tried." Job 23:10, "He knoweth the way that I take when He hath tried me I shall come forth as gold." Every person has at one time or the other asked the questions, "Where is God when I suffer?" There are some people who mistakenly believe that suffering is a sign of God's displeasure and a sign of God's judgment. Job forever does away with that myth. Job was a very godly and a very righteous man. And yet, he suffered perhaps as no other person in the Bible suffered with the exception of the Lord Jesus Himself.
DATE AND AUTHORSHIP OF THE BOOK: Job could be the oldest book in the Old Testament. Especially notable is the absence of all mosaic legislation in reference to the law. The setting and the atmosphere of the book would indicate that Job lived about the time of Abraham. It is reasonable to suppose some writer living in the golden age of Hebrew letters (1000-700BC) could have written this book. Moses, Elihu, Elijah, Solomon, Hezekiah, Jeremiah, Isaiah, and Old Testament characters were believed by various scholars to have been the author.
THE NATURE OF THE BOOK: There are three well defined divisions of the book. The prologue, (Ch. 1 and 2), in prose; the main body of the arguments, (Ch. 3-41), in exalted poetry; and the epilogue, (Ch. 42) in prose. The main portion of the book is the poetical section consisting of the speeches of Job and his so called comforters, Eliphaz, Bildad, Zophar, and Elihu, and the words of the Almighty God.
I. THE PROLOGUE OF THE BOOK - Ch. 1:1 -2:13
A. An Account of Job's Righteous Life and Prosperity Picturing Him as an Idea ...
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