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Through the Bible Survey
September 30, 1990
I and II CHRONICLES: ISRAEL FROM THE PRIESTLY VIEWPOINT
AUTHORSHIP: Originally compiled as a single book, I and II Chronicles were separated by the translators of the Septuagint (180 BC). Jewish tradition (Talmudic) assigns authorship to Ezra, the scribe. While I and II Kings records the history of Israel from a prophets perspective, Chronicles records the same time period from the perspective of a Priest.
DATE: Internal evidence indicates 450-425 BC during the lifetime of Ezra, Nehemiah and Malachi.
THEME: The Chronicles are written to the returned remnant who are rebuilding Jerusalem following their 70 year Babylonian captivity. The primary historical theme centers around the role of worship in the history of God's people.
PROPHETICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The genealogy of the Hebrew people is given pointing to the coming of the Messiah through the lineage of David. This genealogy provides the basis for the genealogies recorded in the New Testament (Matthew 1, Luke 3).
OUTLINE OF I CHRONICLES
I. THE HERITAGE OF KING DAVID - Chronicles 1:1 - 9:44
A. From Adam to Israel - 1:1 - 2:2
B. The Tribes of Simeon and Judah - 2:3 - 4:43
C. The Transjordonic Tribes 5:1-26
D. The Tribe of Levi - 6:1-81
E. The Central and Northern Tribes - 7:1 - 8:40
F. The Inhabitants of Jerusalem and the Family of Saul - 9:1-44
II. THE HISTORY OF KING DAVID - Chronicles 10:1 - 29:30
A. The Establishment of the Kingdom - 10:1 - 12:40
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