by Stephen Whitney

Seeking Forgiveness: A Communion Sermon
Stephen Whitney
1 Kings 8:46-50

In the 4th century a monk named Evagrio Pontico made a list of eight evil thoughts: gluttony, lust, greed, pride, envy, anger, boasting and sloth. The list was spread widely and became well accepted as common sins which needed to be avoided.

Two hundred years later in 590 AD Gregory I, who Protestants refer to as the first Pope, reduced the list to seven sins, combining boasting and pride together and ranking them from the most to the least serious sins. His purpose was to provide a list of sins that would be inclusive enough to cause guilt in illiterate peasants.

The Seven Deadly Sins were originally called the Seven Capital Sins from the Latin word caput which means source. They were called capital sins because they awaken our sinful desires which are the roots that lead us to commit other sins.

Since the Reformers such as John Calvin and Martin Luther emphasized our sinful nature rather than a list of sins, interest in the list faded after the Reformation.

1. Pride - puts yourself in the place of God as the center and objective of your life. You do not submit to the will of God.

2. Covetousness - wanting what belongs to someone else. As a result we don't enjoy what God has already given us.

3. Lust - longs for what is unlawful. It is an intense craving for what is not yours and is defined as: a sensuous desire or a bodily appetite or sexual desire.

4. Anger - rebellion against God or another person because we didn't get what we wanted and therefore are frustrated.

5. Gluttony - is the overindulgence of our natural appetite for food or drink for your own pleasure so that you are abuse your body.

6. Envy - is not being satisfied with what you have because you have seen what someone else has and you want it for yourself.

7. Sloth - is laziness meaning you don't want to work. It is the opposite of self-disciple which keeps a person from dealing with thei ...

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