by Stephen Whitney

Scripture Alone
Stephen Whitney
II Timothy 3:15-17

Martin Luther was born in 1483 and as a young man became a monk and then a teacher of theology at the University of Wittenberg, Germany. As he studied scripture to teach the students theology he became convinced that some of the practices of the Catholic Church were wrong such as: the absolute authority of the pope, traditions of the church and how a person was saved.

It was the custom of the time for the large doors of the local church to use as bulletin boards where people posted events which would take place in town.

As Martin Luther became more critical of the Catholic Church he decided to write down his points of disagreement in the form of statements. On October 31, 1517 Luther mailed his Ninety-five
Theses or statements to the church door in Wittenberg for anyone to read along with mailing them off to the Archbishop of Mainz.

These ninety-five statements were distinct propositions arguing against what he believed to be errors of the church. His purpose was to call for the reform of the church back to the Bible.

The Catholic Church rejected Luther's call for reform and four years later excommunicated him from the church. This served to fuel public support for Luther and the result was the Protestant Reformation known as those who protested against the teachings and practices of the Catholic Church.

Reformation means to right the wrong; to change the error; to return to the right course; to restore what has fallen down. The word reformation is only used on time in the whole NT. Hebrews 9:10 until the time of the reformation referring to when Jesus Christ came to earth to fulfill the OT laws by his death. NIV translates it new order, WIL setting things straight. A reformation is changing the past to make things new.

Two of Luther's ninety-five points made reference to Scripture:
54. Injury is done to the Word of God when, in the same sermon, an equal or a longer time is spent on par ...

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