Notes on Jeremiah 31:27-40
Dr. Ron Dunn
This is the most important passage in the book of Jeremiah...because it is about the New Covenant. And how God is going to bring that about. An earthly covenant is a legal document...a bargain struck between two parties...if you do this, I'll do this. But, God's covenant with His people has always been different. It was something that God initiated and did Himself and out of that covenant there came certain responsibilities of the children of Israel and the Old Testament is basically a story of Israel breaking the covenant with God...over and over and over again they broke the covenant with God.
The New Testament is the story of God creating a new and different kind of covenant with His people. Now, this passage easily divides itself into three sections and we're going to take it section by section...
Each section begins with the words, "Behold days are coming..." (NAS) And you'll find that in verse 27, verse 31 and verse 38. This means this is yet to come as far as Israel is concerned. They have repeatedly broken that old covenant, but God says better days are coming. And of course, you and I know that New Covenant was fulfilled when Jesus died on the Cross. As a matter of fact, as Jesus sat in the upper room with His disciples and He passed the cup He said, "Drink for this is My blood of the New Covenant." He was talking about what Jeremiah was talking about in this passage.
I think it is necessary for us in order to appreciate the Cross and to understand what Christianity is all about to understand what Jeremiah had to say about this new covenant. So, we're going to look at it in these three sections.
This is an important passage of Scripture.
Verses 27-30...The Basis of this New Covenant...
The old basis of course was the Law. But, Israel had not been able to keep that Law. They never had. They never would. So, God is going to create a new covenant with His pe ...
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