Yom Kippur: The Day Of Atonement
Yom Kippur is Israel's most awesome Holy Day – The Day Of Atonement.
It is a day that is woven throughout the pages of Scripture.
3 ½ millennia after its Divine institution, Yom Kippur still wields a powerful influence over the culture and worship of Israel.
Of even greater import, Yom Kippur provides the necessary backdrop to understanding the scope of the Messiah's payment for sin and the security of God's people today.
I. THE BIBLICAL OBSERVANCE
The meaning of Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement, is the English equivalent of Yom Kippur.
However, the word "atonement" is vague and sheds no light on the meaning of the holiday. Atonement simply means "covering."
It was on Yom Kippur that an atonement or covering was made for the previous year's sin.
The atonement or covering consisted of a blood sacrifice of an innocent animal.
The Lord commanded this in Leviticus 17:11.
11 For the life of a creature is in the blood, and I have given it to you to make atonement for yourselves on the altar; it is the blood that makes atonement for one's life. (NIV)
This holiday occurs as the second feast of autumn. It falls on the tenth day of the month of Tishri, which is the seventh Hebrew month, which roughly corresponds to September/October.
There are three separate passages in the Bible given with Divine instructions for Yom Kippur:
? One was for the High Priest (Leviticus 16)
? The second was for the people (Leviticus 23:26-32)
? The third was for the sacrifices (Numbers 29:7-11)
This was such a solemn day that within Israel, it was simply referred to as "the day."
It was the day designated by the Lord in which "you shall afflict your souls."
By definition this was understood to mean fasting. (Ezra 8:21)
It was a day devoted to fasting and repenting of one's sins during the past year.
The Israelite who failed to devote himself ...
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