Why a New Testament?
INTRODUCTION: The Old Testament was not false, but it had faults. The promises of the Old Covenant were conditional upon the fulfillment of its terms by the Hebrew people. It offered life to those who kept the law (Ex. 19:1-8). The law contained three elements: the “commandments” (20:1-26) in which were expressed the righteous will of God; the “judgments” (21:1-24) governing Israel’s social life; and the “ordinances” (24:12-13:18) dealing with the religious life of Israel.
Before we examine the “better promises” of the New Covenant, we must not conclude that the existence of the New Covenant means the Old Covenant was wrong or that the law has no ministry today. Both Covenants were given by God. Both were given for people’s good. Both Covenants had blessings attached to them. If Israel obeyed the terms of the Old Covenant, God would have blessed them and they would have been ready for the coming of their Messiah. We must not criticize the Old Covenant, but it will help to analyze it.
The New Covenant, on the other hand, introduces us to “grace” versus law, that brings with it freedom from the law of Moses, Gal. 5:1, “Stand fast, therefore, in the liberty with which Christ hath made us free, and be not entangled again with the yoke of bondage.”
It does not bring freedom to disobey God and sin. God still desires that the “righteousness of the law” should be fulfilled in us through the ministry of the Holy Spirit. (Rom. 8:1-4).
Let’s examine the subject: Why a New Testament?
I. THE PROBLEM WITH THE OLD TESTAMENT. 7-9
In Ex.19:5, God was ready to give His people the first covenant. “Now, therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people; for all the earth is mine.”
The people responded in Ex. 19:8, “and all the people answered together, and said, All that the Lord hath spoken we will do.” After the law had been give ...
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