by David Cawston

How to Be a Passionate Person
A Passionate Challenge
Rev. David Cawston
Nehemiah 1:1-11


Historical Background

Let me link together Judges Ruth and now Nehemiah.

Israel had entered the promised land and was settling it.

They had already compromised with what God had told them.

They had not driven out the Canaanites but allowed them to continue to live among them.

God sent them Judges such as Samson, Gideon etc.

The God's of the Canaanites had corrupted the people.

But God was faithful to them even as expressed in the Book of Ruth.

They had cried out for a king

God had given them kings Saul-David-Solomon

Then kingdom of Israel was divided into the northern and southern kingdoms.

Now the time of the prophets had arrived with the pronouncement of pending judgments.

Finally judgment came and God had allowed Israel to be overrun by the Babylonians.

They had been taken into Exile in Babylon in (587 A.D.) by Nebuchadnezzar

Daniel was in the court of the Babylonians.

Remember the story of Daniel and the writing on the wall.

Then Darius King of Persia overthrew the Grandson of Nebuchadnezzar, Beltshazar

The Israelites in captivity had been taken over by the Persians

Years of captivity had gone by.

The Babylonian policy had been to deport the peoples they conquered

One of the first actions of the Persians was to allow them to go back to their homeland and become a subservient state.

Ezra came had back with the first of the Israelites and finished rebuilding the temple

The Setting

In December 446 B.C. a man named Nehemiah was serving as the cupbearer to King Artaxerxes of Persia. He had been born in the Persia when it was under Babylonian rule.

He had never been to his homeland of Israel nor had ever seen the city of Jerusalem.

One of his brothers came with a report.

He was so moved that he decided to do what he could about the disgrace of his fellow countrymen.

He had a go ...

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