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Outsiders Back-Story - Part 2 (3 of 9)
Series: The Outsiders
INTRODUCTION: Someone brought me the opinion section of the Treasure Coast Newspaper from last week with the title article: ''Are U.S. Christians the 'Counterculture' now?'' And you thought I was just being paranoid. The sermon series is the Outsiders and we're talking about how to be Christians now that Christianity is no longer cool in America. Today's message is a continuation from last week entitled ''Back Story.'' Last week I began to survey the philosophical ideas behind four periods of history starting with the Roman Empire and moving forward to the Protestant reformation. As we saw, the U.S. Constitution was, in many ways, a child of the Protestant Reformation. Today we'll pick up where we left off and continue talking about the ideas that have produced what we now have in our modern culture. I want us to see how we got to be outsiders before we talk about what to do about it. Once again I'm going to suggest one big idea behind each concept or time period that we cover.
I. THE ENLIGHTENMENT (Man at the center - on steroids)
The enlightenment covers roughly the mid-1600's to the mid-1700's. The humanistic elements that had risen during the Renaissance came to flood tide in the Enlightenment.
In 1688 England went through a political change. William and Mary were monarchs who accepted a Parliament that was an equal partner with the crown. This arrangement brought about the deliberate control of the monarchy within specific legal bounds. Among historians this was called the ''bloodless revolution.''
The French philosopher Voltaire (1694-1778) is often called the ''father of the Enlightenment.'' He was greatly influenced by the results of this bloodless revolution in England during his time of exile there (1726-1729). He wrote: ''The English are the only people upon earth who have been able to prescribe limits to the power of Kings by resisting them, and ...
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