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The Structure And History Of The Bible (2 of 54)
Through the Bible Survey
April 22, 1990
INTRODUCTION: The term Bible according to its original derivation means "the books." In the 4th century, Jerome spoke of the Bible as the divine library. Although we possess it in one volume, there are 66 books, 39 in the Old Testament and 27 in the New Testament.
In a real sense however, the 66 books are one book. Like a mosaic, a piece of tapestry, an organism, such as the human body, its varieties compose a beautiful unity. Mlore than any other book, this book belongs to the whole world. The 66 books of the Bible were written by 40 different authors and cover approximately 1600 years. The Old Testament was written mostly in Hebrew and the New Testament was written in Greek. Our Bible is a translation from these languages. There is a striking connection between the Old Testament and the New Testament in that all of the Bible contains the central theme of Jesus Christ. The Old Testament conceals Christ, the New Testament reveals Christ. Such is the Bible as we have it today. But how did it come to be what it now is?
I. THE ORIGIN OF THE BIBLE
A. The Old Testament - At first and for a long time the revelation of God was oral.
1. Oral Revelation - "The Word of the Lord came to Abram." Genesis 15:1
2. Written Revelation - This was sufficient for ages, but the time case when it was necessary to put the divine revelation in written form. Among others, the following passages should be noted: Exodus 17:14, Numbers 33:2, Deuteronomy 17:8, Jeremiah 36:2, Nehemiah 8:1. These references taken from each period of history indicate a gradual growth of Jewish scriptures. The books of the Old Testament had to become known and had to prove themselves to have been written by true prophets and inspired by God. About 500BC , during the period of Ezra and Nehemiah, the body of sacred scriptures became a fixed library.
B. The Origin of the New Testament - The New Testam ...
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