The Compassion of Christ
Look at Map of Samaria, and explain starting in John 4 that Jesus passed through Samaria on the way from Judea to Galilee:
3 He left Judea and departed again to Galilee. 4 But He needed to go through Samaria. 5 So He came to a city of Samaria which is called Sychar, near the plot of ground that Jacob gave to his son Joseph. 6 Now Jacob's well was there. Jesus therefore, being wearied from His journey, sat thus by the well. It was about the sixth hour. 7 A woman of Samaria came to draw water. Jesus said to her, ''Give Me a drink.'' 8 For His disciples had gone away into the city to buy food. 9 Then the woman of Samaria said to Him, ''How is it that You, being a Jew, ask a drink from me, a Samaritan woman?'' For Jews have no dealings with Samaritans. 10 Jesus answered and said to her, ''If you knew the gift of God, and who it is who says to you, 'Give Me a drink,' you would have asked Him, and He would have given you living water.''
Jesus purposely went straight from Judea to Galilee and Samaria in on the way. Jesus' disciples would not go that way, because they did not like the Samaritans. Why?
In this story of the woman at the well, John comments that the Jews have no dealings with Samaritans.
Samaritans, from the area sandwiched between Galilee to the north and Judea to the south, were hated by Jews because they intermarried with non-Jews and did not strictly observe Mosaic law.
When the Assyrians defeated Israel, they dispersed the Israelites of the Northern Kingdom among the Gentile nations. They also brought foreigners into the land of Israel to re-populate the land. The result was a half-breed race (half Jewish, half Gentile) that populated the Northern Kingdom of Israel from then on. When the Babylonians took the southern kingdom of Judah captive, they did not intermingle the races but kept the Jews separate, and so ''pure'' Jews returned to Judah. The ''Jews'' of Judah came to disdain the h ...
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