Preaching the Word
II Timothy 2:15-16
In the middle ages the Scripture was read in Latin which the common people didn't understand. Those who did have access to a Bible were not encouraged to read it. It was looked upon as a
dark and obscure book which the priests read. The first time that
Martin Luther saw a Bible was in a University library when he was 20 years old and he read the story of Hannah in I Samuel 1.
During his first year in the monastery each priest was given a Bible
and encouraged to study it. Years later Luther claimed that he had read that Bible so thoroughly that he knew what was on every page. When a passage was mentioned he knew immediately where to find it. Unfortunately at the end of his first year of training this Bible was taken from him as they studied other subjects.
But whenever he could, he would go to the monastery library to read the Bible there. The monks were allowed to keep a copy of the Psalms, which they were required to pray on a regular basis.
Luther claimed that he memorized the Psalms and had worn the
little book to shreds. He wrote, "As a young man I made myself familiar with the Bible; by reading it again and again I came to know my way about in it."
On October 18,1512 Martin Luther received the doctor of theology degree which gave him the full rights to teach. He accepted these obligations with his usual intensity and sincerity. He believed the church had set him apart to teach. He felt an apostolic authority lay behind his work of exposition in teaching the Bible.
The University of Wittenberg was only nine years old when it admitted Martin Luther to its staff of professors. Other professors on staff soon began to follow Luther's the intellectual leadership and moral commitment so that a tradition grew around Luther.
As a young priest he came to love the Psalms so it is no wonder that the first book he taught was the Psalms.
For two years from 1513 to 1515 he lecture ...
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