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James Of Alphaeus -- The Obscure Disciple (9 of 15)
TWELVE WHO CHANGED THE WORLD
Matthew 10:3 (CSV) - Philip and Bartholomew; Thomas and Matthew the tax collector; James the son of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus;
Mark 3:18 - Andrew; Philip and Bartholomew; Matthew and Thomas; James the son of Alphaeus and Thaddaeus; Simon the Zealot.
Luke 6:15 - Matthew and Thomas; James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon called the Zealot
Acts 1:13 - When they arrived, they went to the room upstairs where they were staying: Peter, John, James, Andrew, Philip, Thomas, Bartholomew, Matthew, James the son of Alphaeus, Simon the Zealot, and Judas the son of James.
I. THE MENTION OF JAMES
A. His Names
1. James is referred to as the "son of Alphaeus" but he is also called "James the Less" in Mark 15:40.
2. Matthew's father was also called Alphaeus. (Mark 2:14)
3. While it is possible that Matthew and James could be brothers, it is also true that Alphaeus was a common name of the time and so we cannot tell for sure that was the case.
B. His Numbers
1. Three obscure disciples, James, Simon, and Judas (not Iscariot) are always listed in the third of the three groups in the listing of the twelve disciples.
2. James always heads the third group.
3. Chronologically, James is always listed ninth on the list of the disciples.
4. Along with Peter and Philip, his place in the list of the twelve is the same.
C. His Nature
1. James of Alphaeus is also referred to as "James the Less," sometimes rendered "younger."
2. The words "less" or "younger" could have referred to his stature, but probably referred to his influence.
3. While the other James, James the son of Zebedee was a man of prominence
and a part of the Lord's innermost circle, James, the son of Alphaeus was
known as James the less of "little James."
4. It may well be that James was ...
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