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Thomas -- The Doubting Disciple (8 of 15)
TWELVE WHO CHANGED THE WORLD
John 20:19-25 (CSV) -- (19) In the evening of that first day of the week, the disciples were [gathered together] with the doors locked because of their fear of the Jews. Then Jesus came, stood among them, and said to them, "Peace to you!" (20)Having said this, He showed them His hands and His side. So the disciples rejoiced when they saw the Lord. (21) Jesus said to them again, "Peace to you! As the Father has sent Me, I also send you." (22) After saying this, He breathed on them and said, "Receive the Holy Spirit. (23)If you forgive the sins of any, they are forgiven them; if you retain [the sins of] any, they are retained." (24) But one of the Twelve, Thomas (called "Twin"), was not with them when Jesus came.
(25) So the other disciples kept telling him, "We have seen the Lord!" But he said to them, "If I don't see the mark of the nails in His hands, put my finger into the mark of the nails, and put my hand into His side, I will never believe!"
I. THE PRESENTATION OF THOMAS
A. The Notice of Thomas in Scripture
1. Very little is given about Thomas in the Bible such as his home town or vocation.
2. John 20 indicates that Thomas was acquainted with fishing so he may have indeed been a fisherman.
B. The Names of Thomas in Scripture
1. In the Gospel of John, Thomas is called Didymus, the Greek word meaning "twin."
2. The word "Thomas" is Hebrew for twin.
3. All of this indicates that Thomas was likely a twin.
4. In Syrian speaking churches, Thomas was known as "Judas Thomas" which also shows up in apocryphal writings, but not in scripture.
II. THE PESSIMISM OF THOMAS
A. Thomas' Fear for Christ
John 11:16 - Then Thomas (called "Twin") said to his fellow disciples, "Let's go so that we may die with Him."
1. This incident occurred when the sickness and death of Lazarus confronted Christ and the disciples.
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