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Deuteronomy (1 of 13)
Dr. Jerry Vines
Verse 1 says, "These are the words which Moses spoke unto all Israel on this side Jordan in the wilderness." Then it locates it.
Verse 2 says, "It is eleven days' journey from Horeb by the Mount Seir unto Kadesh-barnea." You will recall that Kadesh-barnea was the little village right on the edge of the Promised Land where the children of Israel came to and where they refused to obey the Lord and trust the Lord and go on into the Promised Land, and they turned and they wandered 40 years in the wilderness.
Verse 3 says, "And it came to pass in the fortieth year, in the eleventh month, on the first day of the month, that Moses spoke unto the children of Israel, according unto all that the Lord had given him in commandment unto them."
Look at verse 1, "These are the words which Moses spoke." What words did Moses speak? Verse 3 says, "That Moses spoke unto the children of Israel, according unto all that the Lord had given him in commandment unto them." This means that what we have here are the words the Lord gave to Moses to give to the people. So we have the book of Deuteronomy.
It is quite a name for a book, isn't it? One time I heard a country preacher on the radio back where I came from and he took his text from this book, but he called it Deuterternity. That was pretty close.
Our book of Deuteronomy gets its name from the Latin Vulgate version of the Bible. It is really made up of two Latin words, Deutero, which means second, and nomion, which means law. Therefore, Deuteronomy means second law.
It is given that name because you will find in the book of Deuteronomy a giving of the law recorded again, not that God gave the law two times, but that God gives a repetition or God goes over the law again.
We will find that the Ten Commandments are restated here in the book of Deuteronomy. It is called the second law, not that God has a second law, but that it is a second rendering of the law.
The Hebrew Bible gives a different title to Deuteronomy. The Hebrew Bible titles it by the first word in the Hebrew text. The first word in the Hebrew text is in verse 1, "The words." The Hebrew Bible calls this fifth book "The Words."
The first five books of our Bible are what we call the Pentateuch, which means five. Pentagram is a design with five angles in it. Pentateuch, the first five books of Moses. Moses was the human author of the first five books of the Bible. This has been denied by liberal teachers. But the Lord Jesus referred to these first five books of the Bible and specifically says that Moses wrote them.
There was a time when it was taught that writing did not even exist in the time of Moses. They say, "Moses couldn't have written it. They didn't even have writing in that time." Of course, we now know that that is preposterous. We know that writing was quite in existence in the time of Moses and many, many years before Moses.
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