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Blessed Are the Poor in Spirit (1 of 8)
Series: The Sermon on the Mount
November 2, 2005
INTRODUCTION: Chapter five begins the Sermon on the Mount, the longest sermon Jesus preached. It begins in chapter five and continues through chapter seven.
In chapter three, we read of the Lord's baptism. Following His baptism, we move to chapter four, where Mathew recounts the Lord's forty day fast and temptation by the devil. Following His experience in the wilderness, Jesus then moves to the area of Galilee, where He begins His public ministry. In (4:13), He takes up residence in Capernaum, which would become the headquarters for His ministry. Capernaum was strategically located, making many other areas easily accessible by foot and by boat. Then in (4: 17), it says, "From that time Jesus began to preach, and to say, Repent: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand."
At this point, the Lord begins to call His disciples. As He walks along the shore, He sees Peter and Andrew fishing, He calls out: "Follow me and I will make you fishers of men." He then calls James and John: (4:21-22), And going on from thence, he saw other two brethren, James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother, in a ship with Zebedee their father, mending their nets; and he called them.  And they immediately left the ship and their father, and followed him.
In (vs. 23), Jesus begins to preach in the synagogues; He heals the sick and casts out demons. As a result, His fame is spread abroad...people begin to follow Him. The Bible says that He went up into a mountain with His disciples, and multitudes followed Him. This brings us back to our opening text: "And seeing the multitudes, He went up into a mountain: and when He was set, His disciples came unto Him:  And He opened His mouth, and taught them."
The following discourse is His famous Sermon on the Mount, containing the beatitudes or blessings. The word beatitude is from a Latin word ...
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