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THE GREATER GLORY OF THE NEW COVENANT (1 of 2)
II Cor. 3:7-12
February 9, 2003
INTRODUCTION: In this passage, Paul continued to
describe his ministry as involving the preaching of
the new covenant. He showed its superiority over the
old covenant. Doubtless the opposition he continually
received from Judaising teachers who stressed the
Mosaic Law makes this analysis especially important.
The argument is based on the admitted glory of the old
covenant, called here "the ministry of death." The
text refers to the giving of the law on Sinai with its
glorious accompanying circumstances. The old covenant
is called the ministry of death because it "kills"
(3:6) by placing its offenders under condemnation.
It is true that Paul wrote these words in response to
those who had come from Jerusalem to Corinth with a
form of Christianity that insisted people should adopt
Jewish customs before becoming Christians.
Jerusalem Council -
Acts 15:1-5, "And certain men came down from Judea and
taught the brethren, 'Unless you are circumcised
according to the custom of Moses, you cannot be
saved.' Therefore, when Paul and Barnabas had no
small dissension and dispute with them, they
determined that Paul and Barnabas and certain others
of them should go up to Jerusalem, to the apostles and
elders, about this question. So, being sent on their
way by the church, they passed through Phoenicia and
Samaria, describing the conversion of the Gentiles;
and they caused great joy to all the brethren. And
when they had come to Jerusalem, they were received by
the church and the apostles and the elders; and they
reported all things that God had done with them. But
some of the sect of the Pharisees who believed rose
up, saying, 'It is necessary to circumcise them, and
to command them to keep the law of Moses.'"
Acts 15:6-11, "Now the apostles and elders came
together to consider this matter. And when ...
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