God's Call to Abraham
A historical and biblical view
Genesis 12:1-5, 11-13
A Brief History
Genesis 11 ends with the genealogy leading up to Abram (later Abraham). Terah took his son Abram and his wife Saria, and grandson Lot and headed toward Canaan. They did not get to Canaan, but dwelled in the city of Haran (which is probably named after Abram's brother who died after he fathered Lot). Before I get into the scripture study of God's call to Abram, I think we would benefit from a look into the life surrounding Abram. The Bible says that their intention was to move to Canaan, but they settled far short of the original plan. The reason most likely is that the Haran was economically centered between three kingdoms. Haran was located at the crossroads of the Egyptians, Hittites and Babylonians. Economically, this would have been a prosperous region. Not all these kingdoms were at their peak during this time, but the population and commerce would have been in place.
The Kingdom of Ebla was about 300 miles southwest of Haran and Abram would have passed through it on his journey to Canaan. The Ebla Kingdom was unknown to history until it was discovered in 1968 by Archaeologists and Professor Paolo Matthiae of the University of Rome. In 1975 the archives of the kingdom's history were found. 17,000 clay written tablets were found in 1975 and another 1600 the following year. Science has dated this find at 2250 BC, which is in the same time frame as Abram's life. Critics of the Bible often argue that scripture was written later in history. Some of the more liberal scholars claim the Bible only dates back to a few centuries before Christ. They make these claims in spite of the fact that archaeological finds provide a continuous flow of support to the biblical accounts. Cities, events and people not found in any known document are described in the scriptures. When these cities are found, it gives credibility to the scripture. Let's look at some facts pro ...
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